"I don't think of myself as a historian or biographer," says the man whose biographies
routinely net Pulitzers, and who could easily assume the mantle of America's Historian
Laureate, if only there were such a role.
"I'm a writer who's chosen to write about real people, and events that really happened.
History is my terrain."
David McCullough is speaking from his home on Martha's Vineyard, where he and his
wife, Rosalee, have recently arrived from their place in Maine. It is a chilly green
day in mid-June, and McCullough is answering the question that wasn't asked—the
one his interviewer invited him to ask and answer.
When he speaks he sounds just like…David McCullough. Clear and deliberate, the voice
that etched Ken Burns's Civil War documentary into memory for so many of us, it
is the timbre of a writer who knows how to tell a story.
It is also a voice devoid of Pittsburghese, even though western Pennsylvania is
where McCullough grew up.
His family set down roots there back in the days of the American Revolution. George
Washington once traversed its terrain (as a soldier fighting for the British, in
the French and Indian War). How fitting for the writer whose terrain is history,
and whose biographies have turned the founding fathers into something like highly
articulate rock stars.
A torch twice held
McCullough wrote about Washington and the other great architects of America in both
John Adams and 1776. In the process, he came to understand what
patriotism meant to them. Far from the flag-waving and fireworks that occur three
days before McCullough's birthday every July, the first wave of American patriotism
was a sober, gritty struggle to reach for something that at the time was not fully
"The closer one gets to the founders, the closer one feels connected to the ideals
they stood for. Their idea of patriotism was what the word really was: love of country.
It had a great deal to do with having faith in what the country they created stood
for—government of laws, not men; freedom of expression and religion; the right
to pursue life, liberty, and happiness.
"Their feeling that education was essential to this system of government is bedrock.
Jefferson said, 'Any nation that expects to be ignorant and free expects what never
was and never can be.'
"But they were not perfect—perfect and human are contradictory. Nor did what
they achieve result in perfection, especially when declaring all men to be created
"What they did was to give us the ideal to strive for. They didn't attain equality.
But that doesn't mean we shouldn't keep trying. Each generation of Americans tries
to carry the torch of that ideal."
McCullough's choice of the word "torch" is telling.
Back in the early 1960s, when he was in his twenties, McCullough fulfilled a dream
he'd had since he was a kid and watched a movie where his film idol, Jimmy Stewart,
went off to New York. After Yale, McCullough did the same, landing a job he loved,
writing for Sports Illustrated. It was a wonderful life.
But then he listened to a newly inaugurated president announce that the torch had
been passed to a new generation.
John F. Kennedy then went on to deliver his iconic "ask not" sentence. McCullough:
"I felt I was answering a summons by a new president whose idealism was infectious
and inspiring. Kennedy didn't say it was going to be easy. He said 'it will get
harder; I need your help.' It was a particularly powerful summons, especially for
young people. It affected my wife and me very much.
"I had a very good job in New York, I liked it, and I put it aside and went to Washington.
I didn't know anyone, I just went down and applied for different jobs. I ended up
working for the U.S. Information Agency under Edward R. Murrow. I was in way over
my head. But that's how you learn to swim."
The art of the canvas
McCullough's job was as editor of the magazine that the USIA published for the Arab
world: the Arabic equivalent of Life magazine. Being in Washington put him close
to the Library of Congress, and one day a librarian there showed him and Rosalee
the Library's newest acquisition.
The Library had acquired pictures by a Pittsburgh photographer that chronicled the
1889 flood of a town not far from where McCullough grew up. And the rest, as the
creaky cliché goes, is history—more specifically, McCullough's histories.
The Johnstown Flood, published in 1968, became the first of his many great
When you know a bit of McCullough's own history, it's not surprising that something
visual—the photographs—moved him so.
Winston Churchill (who also wrote about real people), McCullough loves to
paint. And the artist's canvas greatly influences the writer's canvas. McCullough:
"Many writers have been painters. It may have something to do with using the other
side of the brain. Painting and writing reinforce each other in clear, realistic
ways. Studying painting helps me to observe more closely.
Dickens said about writing, 'Make me see.'
"Nothing goes into a painting that isn't there for a reason. That's what a writer
does, too. You can't put in everything you know. You learn what to include and what
to leave out.
"I love architecture and music, and they have a power because they surround you—you're
inside them, not just looking or listening. When I write, I work in
a book, not on it: I'm inside the subject. If I have to leave the writing for a
few weeks, when I return I need time to get back into it."
Watercolor is McCullough's medium, and he leans toward landscape and still life.
When he travels, he often takes a small watercolor set with him, and will paint
the view from his hotel window. But the canvas takes him farther than that.
"I have at times done watercolors of settings I’m writing about—Truman's birthplace,
for example, and the railroad station he left from to go to Washington.
"I wanted to have that place a part of me. If you work on and study something for
three to four hours, you never forget it: it's in you. When I'm writing
about something I've painted, it's in me."
The writer's writer
McCullough's hands-on style of writing extends to reading—and holding—some
of the books his subjects have, as he did with
John Adams's copy of Cicero’s treatise on aging. He also held the original
letters between John and his wife, Abigail.
His experiential approach is what helps McCullough write "books that people of all
kinds would want to read," as he says. He has certainly written books about all
kinds of people—not only Washington, Jefferson and Adams, but also Harry Truman,
Teddy Roosevelt, the men and women he profiled in Brave Companions, the
builders of the Panama Canal and the architects of his beloved Brooklyn Bridge.
His forthcoming book will be stories of Americans in Paris.
So out of all the people he's written about, whom would he like to write the story
of David McCullough?
McCullough pauses. No one's ever asked him that question before. He wouldn't mind
Trollope giving it a try ("he’s really good"). But McCullough hasn't written about
Trollope. At least, not yet.
McCullough reflects a bit more, and then he has his answer. You can hear the smile
in his voice as he replies:
“Abigail Adams. She was a wonderful writer, a good judge of people, and would have
been a wonderful novelist. She was pretty judgmental, but I guess I can take that.
I’d tell her to go easy.”
David McCullough uses the same second-hand typewriter he's had since the 1960s to
compose all of his manuscripts. Levenger has re-created this piece of obsolete technology
in the form of a
bookend. It comes with McCullough's ode to his old-fashioned typewriter.
© 2009 Levenger